Chinese, Gan

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A language of China

Alternate Names
Gan, Jiangxi hua, Jiangxinese, Kan
Population

20,600,000 (1984).

Location

Jiangxi Province and southeast corner of Hubei Province, including Dachi, Xianning, Jiayu, Chongyang, and parts of Anhui; east Hunan and Fujian provinces. Chang-Jing in Nanchang city, Xiuhui, and Jing’an; Yi-Liu in Yichun (Ichun) in Jiangxi, Liuyang in Hunan.

Language Maps
Language Status

6a (Vigorous). Language of recognized nationality: Han.

Dialects

Chang-Jing, Datong, Dongsui, Fu-Guang, Hauiyue, Ji-Cha, Leizi, Nanchang, Yilu (Yi-Liu), Ying-Yi. Marginally intelligible with Mandarin [cmn] and Wu [wuu] Chinese. Lexical similarity: with Hakka Chinese [hak]. A member of macrolanguage Chinese [zho].

Typology

Tonal.

Language Use

All ages. Also use Mandarin Chinese [cmn].

Language Development
91% (2000 census, Han nationality).
Writing

Han script, Simplified variant [Hans]. Han script, Traditional variant [Hant]. Latin script [Latn], from 1891 to some time after last publication in 1922.

Other Comments

Nanchang is representative dialect.