A language of Nigeria

Alternate Names
Gbari Yamma, Gwari Yamma, Nkwa, West Gwari

350,000 (2002 SIL).


Niger State, Zungeru to Kaduna river north, southeast through Minna, Chanchaga, Paiko, Suleija, Agaie, Rafi, and Lapai LGA’s; Federal Capital Territory, Gwagwalada past Kwali; Nassarawa State, Nasarawa LGA.

Language Status

6a (Vigorous).


Botai, Gayegi, Gbagyi Nkwa, Izem, Jezhu, Kong, Kwali, Kwange (Agbawi, Kangye, Wake, Wi), Paiko, Wahe. Lexical similarity: 89%–98% with major dialects, 66%–78% with Gbagyi dialects.

Language Use

All non-formal contexts. All ages. Also use English [eng].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: Below 1%. Literacy rate in L2: 5%–15%. Dictionary. Bible portions: 1925–2011.

Latin script [Latn], used since 2001.

Other Comments

Do not want to be considered Gbagyi [gbr]. Muslim, Christian, traditional religion.