Ghale, Northern

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A language of Nepal

Alternate Names
Lila, Ril-Lila
Population

4,440 (2006 SIL). 400 monolinguals.

Location

Gandaki Zone, Gorkha district, Buri Gandaki valley.

Language Status

6b (Threatened).

Dialects

Jagat, Khorla, Nyak, Philim, Uiya. Nyak is most diverse dialect. Philim has 94% intelligibility of Uiya. 75%–79% intelligibility of Barpak in Southern Ghale [ghe]. Dialect chain runs north and south. Lexical similarity: 73%–89% among dialects, 65%–81% with Southern Ghale [ghe], 45%–61% with Kuke [ght], 29%–37% with Western Tamang [tdg], 21%–27% with Nubri [kte], 22%–25% with Tsum [ttz], 19%–23% with Kyerung (Kyirong) [kgy], 19%–21% with Tibetan [bod].

Language Use

Vigorous. Home, friends, religion, work. Young adults and older. Some use among children and adolescents. Positive attitudes. Speakers in Philim, Lho, and Bihi have no more than basic bilingual proficiency in Nepali [npi].

Writing

Unwritten [Qaax].

Other Comments

Buddhist, Christian, Hindu.