Ghale, Northern


A language of Nepal

Alternate Names
Lila, Ril-Lila

4,440 (2006 SIL). 400 monolinguals.


Gandaki Zone, Gorkha district, Buri Gandaki valley.

Language Status

6b (Threatened).


Jagat, Khorla, Nyak, Philim, Uiya. Nyak is most diverse dialect. Philim has 94% intelligibility of Uiya. 75%–79% intelligibility of Barpak in Southern Ghale [ghe]. Dialect chain runs north and south. Lexical similarity: 73%–89% among dialects, 65%–81% with Southern Ghale [ghe], 45%–61% with Kuke [ght], 29%–37% with Western Tamang [tdg], 21%–27% with Nubri [kte], 22%–25% with Tsum [ttz], 19%–23% with Kyerung (Kyirong) [kgy], 19%–21% with Tibetan [bod].

Language Use

Vigorous. Home, friends, religion, work. Young adults and older. Some use among children and adolescents. Positive attitudes. Speakers in Philim, Lho, and Bihi have no more than basic bilingual proficiency in Nepali [npi].


Unwritten [Qaax].

Other Comments

Buddhist, Christian, Hindu.