Guiqiong

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A language of China

Alternate Names
Guichong, Guiqiang, Yutong
Population

6,000 (2000 Sun Hong Kai). 1,000 monolinguals. Ethnic population: 7,000 (2000 D. Bradley).

Location

West central Sichuan Province, Ganzi (Garzê) Tibetan autonomous prefecture, 4 townships: Shiji, Maibeng, Qianqi, Shelian West; also Guza town; plateaus on both sides of north Dadu river.

Language Maps
Language Status

6b (Threatened).

Dialects

Phonological dialect differences, but communication is possible. 2 or 3 varieties have difficult mutual intelligibility. Loanwords from Tibetan and Chinese.

Typology

SOV; adjectives and number-classifier constructions follow noun heads; tonal, 4 tones

Language Use

Vigorous. Only in the village with their own people. Children rarely use it. Negative attitudes. About 5,000 also use Mandarin [cmn]. About 1,000 ethnic Guiqiong reportedly understand Guiqiong, but do not speak it.

Language Development
Poetry. Dictionary.
Other Comments

Officially classified within, and Guiqiong peoples consider themselves, Tibetan nationality. Buddhist (Lamaist).