4,650,000 in Paraguay (1995), decreasing. Only a few elderly monolingual speakers. Population total all countries: 4,850,000.
Widespread. Also in Argentina.
4 (Educational). Statutory national language (2010, No. 4251, Language Law, Article 3).
Jopará (Yopará). One Chiripá speaker [nhd] indicated it was bilingualism rather than linguistic closeness that made Paraguayan Guaraní intelligible to him. Jopará is the colloquial form mixed with Spanish [spa] loanwords, used by 90% of the population in Asunción area. Lexical similarity: 80% with Chiriguano [gui], 75% with Mbyá [gun].
52% of rural Paraguayans bilingual in Guaraní. Home, friends, religion; mixed use: Work, education. All ages. About 60% are bilingual in Spanish [spa]; most in urban areas are bilingual in Spanish.