Guaraní, Paraguayan

Print

A language of Paraguay

Alternate Names
Avañe’e
Population

4,650,000 in Paraguay (1995), decreasing. Population total all countries: 4,850,000. 2,500,000 monolinguals (2002 census).

Location

Widespread.

Language Status

1 (National). Statutory national language (2010, No. 4251, Language Law, Article 3).

Dialects

Jopará (Yopará). One Chiripá speaker [nhd] indicated it was bilingualism rather than linguistic closeness that made Paraguayan Guaraní intelligible to him. Jopará is the colloquial form mixed with Spanish [spa] loanwords, used by 90% of the population in Asunción area. Lexical similarity: 80% with Chiriguano [gui], 75% with Mbyá [gun]. A member of macrolanguage Guarani [grn].

Typology

SVO.

Language Use

52% of rural Paraguayans bilingual in Guaraní. Home, friends, religion; mixed use: Work, education. All ages. About 60% are bilingual in Spanish [spa]; most in urban areas are bilingual in Spanish.

Language Development
Used extensively in bilingual education. Taught in primary and secondary schools. Poetry. Newspapers. New media. Radio programs. Films. TV. Videos. Dictionary. Grammar. Bible: 1997.
Writing

Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

Christian (Roman Catholic), Christian (Protestant).