Gujarati

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A language of India

Alternate Names
Gujerathi, Gujerati, Gujrathi
Population

45,700,000 in India (2001 census). Population total all countries: 46,636,510.

Location

Mainly Gujarat state except northwest and east, both shores, Gulf of Khambhat; Maharashtra state: Nandubar and Nashil districts; Rajasthan state: Jalor and Sirohi districts; Daman and Diu state.

Language Maps
Language Status

2 (Provincial). Statutory provincial language in West Bengal State; union territories Dadra and Nagar Haveli, Daman and Diu (1950, Constitution, Schedule VIII).

Dialects

Gamadia (Ahmedabad Gamadia, Anawla, Brathela, Charotari, Eastern Broach Gujarati, Gramya, Patani, Patidari, Surati, Vadodari), Kakari, Kathiyawadi (Bhawnagari, Gohilwadi, Holadi, Jhalawadi, Sorathi), Kharwa, Parsi, Standard Gujarati (Mumbai Gujarati, Nagari, Patnuli, Saurashtra Standard), Tarimuki (Ghisadi). Memoni ethnic group reportedly speak a Kachchi [kfr] variety.

Language Use

Used as L2 by Adiwasi Garasia [gas], Chodri [cdi], Dhanki [dhn], Dhodia [dho], Indo-Portuguese [idb], Kachchi [kfr], Rajput Garasia [gra], Sansi [ssi], Varli [vav].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: 70% for Gujarat state (2001 census). Fully developed. Bible: 1823–2005.
Writing

Braille script [Brai]. Gujarati script [Gujr], primary usage. Khojki script [Khoj].

Other Comments

Hindu, Muslim (Sunni).

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