A language of Canada

Alternate Names
Kutchin, Loucheux, Tukudh

370 in Canada (2011 census). Population total all countries: 670. Ethnic population: 1,900 (Krauss 2007).


Northwest Territories: Aklavik, Inuvik, Tsiigehtchic, Fort McPherson; Yukon Territory, Old Crow. Also in United States.

Language Status

7 (Shifting). Statutory language of provincial identity in NWT (1988, NWT Official Languages Act, Chapter 56(Supplemented), Section 4).


Arctic Red River, Arctic Village Gwich’in, Fort Yukon Gwich’in, Western Canada Gwich’in (Loucheux, Takudh, Tukudh).

Language Use

Still vigorous in a few communities. Taught in school at Old Crow since 1970s. Mainly adults. Also use English [eng].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: 1%–5%. Literacy rate in L2: 50%–75%. Dictionary. Grammar. Bible: 1898.
Latin script.

Also spoken in:

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