Speakers in Iran and Iraq: 200,000–300,000 (2007 S. Paul). Population total all countries: 200,000.
Near Halabja, east of Silemani (Sulaimaniya), Topzawa near Tawuq, pockets from Mosul to Khanaqin.
Positive attitudes. Some also use Central Kurdish [ckb] (Sorani) or Arabic.
Arabic script [Arab].
Very old literary tradition since A.D. 1300’s. Muslim, Ahl-e Haqq.