6,960,000 in Haiti (2001). Population total all countries: 7,731,240.
Widespread. Also in Bahamas, Canada, Cayman Islands, Dominican Republic, French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Puerto Rico, Saint Martin, Turks and Caicos Islands, United States.
1 (National). Statutory national language (1987, Constitution, Article 5 (1,2)).
SVO; prepositions; articles after noun heads
Vigorous. Also use French [fra].
In 1961 granted legal and educational status in Haiti. A growing literature, including poetry. Lower social status than standard French.