A language of Nigeria

Alternate Names
Abakwariga, Habe, Haoussa, Hausawa, Kado, Mgbakpa

18,500,000 in Nigeria (1991 SIL). Population total all countries: 24,988,000.


Sokoto, Kaduna, Katsina, Kano, Bauchi, Jigawa, Zamfara, Kebbi, and Gombe states. Also in Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Eritrea, Germany, Ghana, Niger, Sudan, Togo.

Language Status

2 (Provincial). De facto provincial language in northern region.


Adarawa, Arewa, Gobirawa, Hadejiya, Kano, Katagum, Katsina, Kebbawa, Sokoto, Zamfarawa. Barikanchi [bxo] is a Hausa pidgin used in military barracks. There is also a pidgin or market Hausa [gib]. Subdialects of Eastern Hausa: Kano, Katagum, Hadejiya; of Western Hausa: Sokoto, Katsina, Gobirawa, Adarawa, Kebbawa, Zamfarawa; of North Hausa: Arewa, Arawa. Abakwariga is a subgroup.



Language Use

15,000,000 L2 speakers; spoken as L2 in the north.

Language Development
New media. Radio programs. TV. Dictionary. Grammar. Bible: 1932–2004.
Arabic script, Maghribi and Naskh styles. Braille script. Latin script, used since 1880, primary usage.
Other Comments

Muslim, traditional religion, Christian.

Also spoken in:

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