Huichol

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A language of Mexico

Alternate Names
Vixaritari Vaniuqui, Vizaritari Vaniuki
Population

17,800 (2000 INALI). Ethnic population: 20,000.

Location

Northeast Nayarit and northwest Jalisco. Main centers are Guadalupe Ocotán, Nayarit, San Andrés Cohamiata, San Sebastián, Santa Catarina, and Tuxpan de Bolaños.

Language Maps
Language Status

5 (Developing).

Dialects

Coyultita, Huichol del norte, Huichol del sur, San Andrés Cohamiata (Huichol del oeste, Western Huichol), San Sebastián-Santa Catarina (Eastern Huichol, Huichol del este). Lexical similarity: 58% with El Nayar Cora [crn], (most similar) (Miller 1984).

Typology

SOV; long words, prefixes, suffixes, clitics; CV, CVV; tonal.

Language Use

Vigorous. All domains. Oral and written use in religious services, oral use in local commerce, administration, oral literature, songs. Letter writing. All ages. Positive attitudes. Also use Spanish [spa] in schools, clinics. Also use El Nayar Cora [crn].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: 5%–10%. Literacy rate in L2: 5%–15%. Dictionary. Grammar. NT: 1967–1988.
Writing

Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

Go to Pacific coast for temporary labor in the spring. Make their own violins and guitars. Their music is unique. Traditional religion, Christian.