Miao, Northern QiandongPrint
1,250,000 (Wang Fushi and Mao Zhongwu 1995), decreasing.
East and south Guizhou Province, Majiang, Danzhai, Leishan, Taijiang, Huangping, Shibing, Jianhe, Zhenyuan, Sansui, Fuquan, Pingba, Zhenning, Xingren, Anlong, Guanling, Zhenfeng, and Ziyun counties, Kaili and Qingzhen municipalities; northwest Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, Longlin county.
5 (Developing). Language of recognized nationality: Miao.
Inherently unintelligible of other Miao varieties. Corresponds more or less to Ma’s Central Miao and Purnell’s Eastern Miao. At least 4 dialects (vernaculars). The official standard variety of Qiandong Miao is based on Yanghao, but with some similarities to other varieties. A member of macrolanguage Hmong [hmn].
Most domains. All ages. Youth move to the city and abandon more of their culture and language. Positive attitudes in countryside; neutral to negative attitudes in city. Children often learn standard Mandarin [cmn] in school, but speak Miao at home.
Bopomofo script [Bopo], no longer in use.