5,770,000 in Philippines (2000 census).
Masbate Province, Jintotolo peninsula, south of Panguiranan; Western Visayas, almost all of Negros Occidental Province; Negros Oriental Province, Basay, Bayawan, and Canlaon municipalities; Panay island, Iloilo Province, from Iloilo city northeast along Guimaras strait to Binon-an, nearby islands; west and central Capiz Province, and Guimaras island; Mindanao, central west and eastern Sultan Kudarat Province; South Cotabato Province, from northwest towards Bayabas; North Cotabato Province, area west of Lake Buluan; Maguindanao Province, small border area south of Timbangan.
3 (Wider communication). Statutory language of provincial identity in Iloilo, 4 other provinces (1991, ACFLC Section 3(f), may not be subject to population threshold).
Hiligaynon, Kari, Kawayan.