Chin, Matu

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A language of Myanmar

Alternate Names
Nga La
Population

30,000 in Myanmar (2012). Population total all countries: 40,000.

Location

Chin State, Matupi township.

Language Status

5 (Developing).

Dialects

Ciing (Langle-Tamtlaih, Ngaleng, Phaneng, Siing, Vuitu), Doem (Ngatu, Valang), Langle-Tamtlaih, Ngala (Batu), Ngaleng, Phaneng, Thlangpang (Changpyang). Not intelligible with Haka Chin [cnh]. Mizoram Matu reportedly not intelligible with Myanmar varieties. There are many Matu varieties in Myanmar, all intelligible to some extent with each other. Lexical similarity: 78%–89% within Matu varieties in Myanmar, 65%–76% with Rawngtu Chin [weu], 66%–71% with Thaiphum Chin [cth].

Typology

SOV; negation is marked after the verb.

Language Use

Vigorous. All domains. All ages. Positive attitudes. Also use Burmese [mya], Haka Chin [cnh]. Used as L2 by Thaiphum Chin [cth].

Language Development
Dictionary. NT: 1999–2000.
Writing

Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

The Chin in Mindat Township refer to all the Matu as Batu, but the Matu use this name only for the area around Matupi Town. Christian.

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