250,000 in China (Hattaway 2000). Population total all countries: 252,000.
West Guizhou Province, Dafang, Guanling, Nayong, Pu’an, Puding, Qianxi, Qinglong, Shuicheng, Xingren, Zhenning, Zhijin, and Ziyun counties, Anshun municipality; southeast Yunnan Province, Guangnan, Funing, and Jinping counties, Gejiu municipality; northwest Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, Longlin county. Also in Viet Nam.
Not inherently intelligible with other Miao varieties.
SOV; 7 or 8 tones
Vigorous. Home, community, market.
Traditional religion, Christian.