Chhattisgarhi

Print

A language of India

Alternate Names
Khaltahi, Laria
Population

13,300,000 (2001 census).

Location

Chhattisgarh; Bihar; Odisha; possibly in Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, and Tripura. Baigani dialect in Madhya Pradesh, Shahdol District.

Language Status

4 (Educational).

Dialects

Baigani (Baiga, Bega, Bhumia, Gowro), Bhulia, Binjhwari, Chhattisgarhi Proper, Kalanga, Kavardi, Khairagarhi, Sadri Korwa. Sadri Korwa spoken by Korwa people in Jashpur tahsil of Raigarh District; Baigani in Balaghat, Raipur, and Bilaspur districts of Chhattisgarh, and Sambalpur District of Odisha; Binjhwari in Raipur and Raigarh districts of Chhattisgarh; Kalanga and Bhulia dialects are spoken in Patna District of Bihar; Chhattisgarhi Proper in Raipur, Durg, Bilaspur, and other districts of Chhattisgarh. Lexical similarity: 66%–69% with Kamar [keq].

Language Use

Nearly all domains. Positive attitudes. Low proficiency in Hindi [hin]. Also use Oriya [ory]. Used as L2 by Bhunjia [bhu], Eastern Muria [emu], Far Western Muria [fmu].

Language Development
Poetry. Newspapers. Radio programs. TV. NT: 2005.
Writing

Devanagari script [Deva].

Other Comments

Traditional religion, Hindu, Muslim.