1,880,000 (1981 census), increasing. Total Hindko in Pakistan 3,000,000 (1993).
North-West Frontier Province, Hazara division, Mansehra and Abbotabad districts; Azad Kashmir Province, Muzaffarabad district, and Islamabad; Indus and Kaghan valleys and Indus valley tributaries.
Abbottabad Hindko, Galiyat Hindko, Haripur Hindko, Mansehra Hindko (Muko-Tuko), Tanoli Hindko. Also related to Punjabi [pnb], Saraiki [skr], and Pahari-Potwari [phr]; which have all been called Greater Punjabi, forming part of Lahnda [lah]. Lexical similaritiy: 82%–92% with Northern Hindko dialects, 67%–82% with Northern and Southern Hindko [hnd] varieties. A member of macrolanguage Lahnda [lah].
Arabic script [Arab].
Muslim (Sunni), Muslim (Shi’a).