Hindko, Northern

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A language of Pakistan

Alternate Names
Hazara Hindko, Hindki, Kagani, Kaghani
Population

1,880,000 (1981 census). Total Hindko in Pakistan 3,000,000 (1993).

Location

Hazara division, Mansehra and Abbotabad districts, Indus and Kaghan valleys and Indus valley tributaries, NWFP.

Language Status

5 (Developing).

Dialects

Also related to Panjabi [pnb], Seraiki [skr], and Pahari-Potwari [phr]; which have all been called, Greater Panjabi, forming part of Lahnda. Lexical similaritiy: 82%–92% with Northern Hindko dialects, 67%–82% with Northern and Southern Hindko [hnd] varieties.

Language Use

The educated also use Urdu [urd] with varied proficiency; also use a Pushto variety, Western Panjabi [pnb] with low proficiency.

Language Development
Literacy rate in L2: Below 20%. Poetry. Radio programs. TV. NT: 1991.
Writing
Arabic script.
Other Comments

Muslim (Sunni).