Hawaii Sign Language

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A language of United States

Alternate Names
Hawai’i Pidgin Sign Language, Hawaiian Sign Language, HPS
Location

Hawaiian Islands.

Language Status

8b (Nearly extinct).

Dialects

None known. Not related to American Sign Language [ase] or any other known sign language, less than 20% probable cognates with ASL (2013 J. Woodward).

Typology

SOV, noun-first in noun phrase, verb precedes negative, sentence-final question words.

Language Use

Largely replaced by American Sign Language [ase], starting about 1950. A few users from about 6,000 profoundly deaf people in Hawaii (1987 Honolulu Star-Bulletin), 72,000 deaf or hard-of-hearing people in Hawaii (1998 Honolulu Advertiser). Elderly only. Also use American Sign Language [ase], English [eng].