3,980,000 in Croatia (2001 census). Population total all countries: 5,533,890.
Also in Austria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Canada, Chile, Czech Republic, Denmark, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Montenegro, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, United States.
1 (National). Statutory national language (1990, Constitution, Article 12.1).
Chakavski, Kaykavski, Shtokavski (Ijekavski). Shtokavski is official dialect, but others recognized as valid, with much literature. Chakavski in western and northern Croatia, Dalmatian coast, and Adriatic Islands; Kaykavski in northeastern Croatia and Zagreb; dialects in other countries, like Burgenland Croatian in Austria, less intelligible.
Formerly considered part of the Serbo-Croat language. Christian.