4,200,000 in Croatia (European Commission 2006). Population total all countries: 5,609,290.
1 (National). Statutory national language (1990, Constitution, Article 12.1).
Chakavski, Kaykavski, Shtokavski (Ijekavski). Shtokavski is official dialect, but others recognized as valid, with much literature. Chakavski in western and northern Croatia, Dalmatian coast, and Adriatic Islands; Kaykavski in northeastern Croatia and Zagreb; dialects in other countries, like Burgenland Croatian in Austria, less intelligible. A member of macrolanguage Serbo-Croatian [hbs].
Formerly considered part of the Serbo-Croat language. Christian.