36,000,000 in China (1984). Population total all countries: 36,000,290.
Hunan Province, Sichuan Province, over 20 counties; parts of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region and Guangdong Province. Also in United States.
Changsha, Changyi, Jishou, Jishu, Jixu, Loudi, Luoshao, Shaoyang, Xupu, Yiyang. Linguistically between Mandarin [cmn] and Wu [wuu] Chinese and marginally intelligible with them. Becoming more similar to (southwestern) Mandarin [cmn] and is losing non-northern features. 3 main dialect groups: Changyi (includes Changsha and Yiyang), Luoshao (includes Loudi and Shaoyang), and Jixu (Jishu) (includes Xupu and Jishou).
Majority officially classified within Han nationality.