Tsat

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A language of China

Alternate Names
Hainan Cham, Hui, Huihui, Sanya Hui, Utsat, Utset
Population

4,000 (Bradley 2007). Ethnic population: 5,000 (2000 D. Bradley).

Location

South Hainan Prefecture; Yaxian (Sanya) County, Yanglan District, Huixin and Huihui villages.

Language Maps
Language Status

6b (Threatened).

Dialects

Most similar to Northern Roglai [rog], but very different. Tsat is structurally changed to be like Chinese.

Typology

Tonal

Language Use

Vigorous. All domains. All ages. Positive attitudes. Also use the Fukienese dialect of Min Nan Chinese [nan] or Yue Chinese [yue] for commerce, or Mandarin Chinese [cmn] for school.

Other Comments

Officially classified within Hui nationality. The phonology suggests a history of some independence from other Chamic languages (Maddieson 1991). Their name for themselves is Utsat, for their language Tsat. Huihui or Hui is the Chinese name. Muslim.