Tsat

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A language of China

Alternate Names
Hainan Cham, Hui, Huihui, Sanya Hui, Utsat, Utset
Population

4,000 (Bradley 2007). Ethnic population: 5,000 (2000 D. Bradley).

Location

South Hainan Prefecture; Yaxian (Sanya) County, Yanglan District, Huixin and Huihui villages.

Language Maps
Language Status

6b (Threatened). Language of recognized nationality: Hui.

Dialects

None known. Reportedly most similar to Northern Roglai [rog], but very different. Tsat is structurally changed to be like Chinese.

Typology

Tonal.

Language Use

Vigorous. All domains. All ages. Positive attitudes. Also use Mandarin Chinese [cmn] for school. Also use the Fukienese dialect of Min Nan Chinese [nan] for commerce. Also use Yue Chinese [yue] for commerce.

Other Comments

The phonology suggests a history of some independence from other Chamic languages (Maddieson 1991). Their name for themselves is Utsat, for their language Tsat. Huihui or Hui is the Chinese name. Muslim.