3,140,000 in Armenia (2001 census). Population total all countries: 5,924,320.
Widespread. Also in Azerbaijan, Bulgaria, Canada, Cyprus, Egypt, Estonia, France, Georgia, Greece, Honduras, Hungary, India, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Lebanon, Palestine, Romania, Russian Federation, Syria, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, United States, Uzbekistan.
1 (National). Statutory national language (1995, Constitution, Article 12).
Agulis, Akn, Arabkir, Ararat, Artvin (Artwin), Ashkharik, Astrakhan (Astrachan), Constantinople (Istanbul, Konstantinopel), Crimea (Krim), Dzhulfa (Dschugha, Dschulfa), Eastern Armenian, Erevan (Eriwan), Ewdokia (Tokat), Hamshen (Hamschen), Karabagh, Karin (Erzerum, Erzurum), Kharberd (Charberd, Erzenka, Erzincan), Khvoy-Salmst (Choi-Salmst), Kilikien, Malatya (Malatia), Mus (Musch), North Komedia, Rodosto, Sebaste, Shabin-Karahissar (Schabin-Karahissar), Shamakhi (Schamachi), Smyrna (Izmir), Syria (Syrien), Tbilisi (Tiflis), Tigranakert (Diarbekir, Diyarbakir), Trabzon (Trapezunt), Urmia-Maragheh (Urmia-Maragha), Van (Wan). Eastern Armenian (4,341,000) in Armenia and its Turkish and Iranian borderlands; Western Armenian (879,612) used elsewhere and only understood by some in Iran. In Syria, people in Kessaberen (northeastern mountain village of Kessab) and Musa Dagh village (now relocated to Lebanon) speak related varieties which other Western Armenian speakers do not understand. Most Kessaberen users now learn Western Armenian. Western Armenian (Turkey) and Ararat (Russian Federation) are easily intelligible.
91% of the ethnic group in Russia spoke it as L1 (1979 census). All ages. Also use Russian [rus].
Ethnic autonym: Haieren. Christian (Miaphysite).