Igbo

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A language of Nigeria

Alternate Names
Ibo
Population

18,000,000 (Wiesenfeld 1999).

Location

Abia State; Anambra State, Aguata, Anambra, Awka, Idemili, Ihiala, Njikoka, Nnewi, and Onitsha LGAs; Enugu State, Awgu, Enugu, Ezeagu, Igo-Etiti, Igbo-Eze, Isi-Uzo, Nkanu, Nsukka, Udi, and Uzo-Uwani LGAs; Imo State; Rivers State, Ikwerre, Bonny, and Ahoada LGAs; Delta State, Oshimili, Aniocha, and Ndokwa LGAs; Akwa Ibom State, Ika LGA; northeast Delta State; southeast Rivers State, Oyigbo LGA and Opobo part of Opobo-Nkoro LGA, and alongside Ibani [iby] langauge area in Bonny LGA. The only or majority language in Abia, Anambra, Ebonyi, Enugu, and Imo states.

Language Status

2 (Provincial). De facto provincial language in southeastern region.Main LWC of Abia, Anambra, Ebonyi, Enugu, and Imo states.

Dialects

Afikpo, Aniocha, Bonny-Opobo, Eche, Egbema, Mbaise, Ngwa, Nsa, Nsuka, Oguta, Ohuhu, Oka (Awka), Onitsha, Orlu, Owerri (Isuama), Umuahia, Unwana. 30 dialects vary in inherent intelligibility. The standard literary form developing based on Owerri and Umuahia dialects, omitting the nasality and aspiration found in those dialects.

Language Use

Used for government notices. Used as L2 by Ikwere [ikw], Obolo [ann], Ogbah [ogc].

Language Development
New media. Radio programs. TV. Dictionary. Grammar. Bible: 1906–2006.
Writing

Latin script [Latn], used since 1900.

Other Comments

Christian, traditional religion.