Ifugao, Tuwali


A language of Philippines

Alternate Names
Gilipanes, Ifugaw, Kiangan Ifugao, Quiangan

30,000 (2000 SIL), increasing. Only those below grade-school age are monolingual.


Luzon, south Ifugao Province.

Language Maps
Language Status

4 (Educational).


Hapao Ifugao, Hungduan Ifugao, Lagawe Ifugao. 77% intelligibility of Amganad Ifugao [ifa], 78% of Batad Ifugao [ifb]. Hapao dialect has 88% intelligibility of Hungduan dialect. Lexical similarity: 80% with Amganad Ifugao [ifa], 72% with Batad Ifugao [ifb], 78% with Hapao dialect, 86% with Hungduan dialect.


VSO; prepositions; genitives, relatives after noun heads; articles, adjectives, numerals before noun heads; question word initial; 1 suffix, 2 infixes; passives; causatives; comparatives; V, CV, CVC

Language Use

Vigorous. Used by other language speakers in trading and in exogamous marriages. All domains. Court, religion, commerce. All ages. Positive attitudes. All also use English [eng], Ilocano [ilo], Filipino [fil], or Amganad Ifugao [ifa]. Those over 40 use more English than others.

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: 25,000 can read and write. Literacy rate in L2: 60%. Taught in primary schools. Bible: 2005.
Latin script.
Other Comments

Kiangan is the place, Tuwali the language. Christian.