Inuktitut, Eastern Canadian


A language of Canada

Alternate Names
“Eastern Arctic Eskimo” (pej.), “Eastern Canadian Eskimo” (pej.), Inuit

34,100 (2011 census). All Inuktitut varieties 32,800 (2001 census).


West of Hudson Bay, east through Baffin Island, Quebec, and Labrador.

Language Maps
Language Status

2 (Provincial). Statutory provincial language in Nunavut Territory (1988, Inuit Language Protection Act, Chapter 17). Statutory provincial working language in NWT (1988, NWT Official Languages Act, Chapter 56(Supplemented), Section 4), restricted official use.


Labrador Inuttut (“Labrador Eskimo” (pej.), Labrador Inuttitut), Mittimatalik (“Baffinland Eskimo” (pej.)), Rigolet Inuttut, Tarramiut (“Quebec Eskimo” (pej.)).

Language Use

Vigorous except in Labrador, where less than half are speakers. In Labrador average is over 20 years old; possibly a few children at Nain.

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: 10%–30%. Literacy rate in L2: 75%–100%. Bible: 1826–2012.
Unified Canadian Aboriginal Syllabics script, uses eastern finals.
Other Comments

In Northern Quebec and the Northwest Territories to the Central Arctic, it is spoken by over 90% of the population. Inuit is the name of the people, Inuktitut of the language.