A language of Canada

Alternate Names
Western Canadian Inuit, Western Canadian Inuktitut

410 (2011 census).


Scattered coastal settlements, Northwest Territories, Beaufort Sea, Mackensie River mouth east into Nunavut; Victoria Island area, communities of Kugluktuk, Umingmatok, Bathurst Inlet, and Iquluktuuttraq, east to King William Island, and Boothian and Melville peninsula settlements; south along the northwest coast of Hudson Bay.

Language Maps
Language Status

2 (Provincial). Statutory provincial working language in NWT (1988, NWT Official Languages Act, Chapter 56(Supplemented), Section 4), restricted official use.


Caribou Eskimo (Keewatin), Copper Inuktitut (“Copper Eskimo” (pej.), Copper Inuit), Netsilik, Siglit (Siglitun). A member of macrolanguage Inuktitut [iku].

Language Use

Vigorous in Caribou and Netsilik. In Commer and west, used by parent and grandparent generations (1995 M. Krauss). Also use English [eng].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: 25%–50%. Literacy rate in L2: 50%–75%. NT: 1983.

Latin script [Latn]. Unified Canadian Aboriginal Syllabics script [Cans].