120 in China (1980 R. Hahn), decreasing. The language of about 30 families (Salminen 2007).
Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, Ili Kazak autonomous prefecture, Tekes, Nilka, Xinyuan, Gongliu, Zhaosu, and other counties, Ili valley near Kuldja. Also in Kazakhstan.
SOV; vowel harmony; influenced greatly by Kazakh and Uyghur; has Arabic, Persian, Chinese, and Russian loans
Ethnically and linguistically distinct, discovered in 1956. Their oral history says they came from the Ferghana Valley (Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan) about 200 years ago. Officially classified within Uzbek nationality. Muslim (Sunni).