Ili Turki


A language of China

Alternate Names
Ili Turk, Tuerke, Tu’erke, T’urk

120 in China (1980 R. Hahn), decreasing. The language of about 30 families (Salminen 2007).


Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, Ili Kazak autonomous prefecture, Tekes, Nilka, Xinyuan, Gongliu, Zhaosu, and other counties, Ili valley near Kuldja. Also in Kazakhstan.

Language Maps
Language Status

8a (Moribund).


SOV; vowel harmony; influenced greatly by Kazakh and Uyghur; has Arabic, Persian, Chinese, and Russian loans

Language Use

Younger generations are shifting to Kazakh [kaz] or Uygur [uig] (2007). Older adults. Also use Kazakh [kaz] or Uyghur [uig].

Other Comments

Ethnically and linguistically distinct, discovered in 1956. Their oral history says they came from the Ferghana Valley (Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan) about 200 years ago. Officially classified within Uzbek nationality. Muslim (Sunni).

Also spoken in:

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