6,920,000 in Philippines (2000 census). Population total all countries: 7,016,400.
Northwest Luzon, La Union and Ilocos provinces; Babuyan islands; Cagayan valley, Mindoro, Mindanao areas. Also in Canada, United States.
3 (Wider communication). Statutory language of provincial identity in northwest Luzon Island, other areas (1991, ACFLC Section 3(f), may not be subject to population threshold).
A pidginized form is used in northern Luzon highlands.