Indonesian

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A language of Indonesia

Alternate Names
Bahasa Indonesia
Population

22,800,000 in Indonesia (2000), increasing. Population total all countries: 23,200,480.

Location

Widespread throughout Indonesia. Also in Netherlands, Philippines, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Sint Maarten, United States.

Language Status

1 (National). Statutory national language (1945, Constitution, Article 36).

Dialects

Lexical similarity: over 80% with Standard Malay [zsm].

Language Use

Over 140,000,000 L2 speakers.

Language Development
Fully developed. Bible: 1974–2000.
Writing
Arabic script. Braille script. Latin script, primary usage.
Other Comments

Developed from literary ‘Classical Malay’ of the Riau-Johor sultanate (Sneddon 2003). Has regional variants. Muslim.