Indonesian

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A language of Indonesia

Alternate Names
Bahasa Indonesia
Population

22,800,000 in Indonesia (2000), increasing. Population total all countries: 23,200,480. L2 users: 140,000,000 in Indonesia.

Location

Widespread throughout Indonesia.

Language Status

1 (National). Statutory national language (1945, Constitution, Article 36).

Dialects

None known. Lexical similarity: over 80% with Standard Malay [zsm]. A member of macrolanguage Malay [msa].

Language Development
Fully developed. Bible: 1974–2000.
Writing

Arabic script [Arab]. Braille script [Brai]. Latin script [Latn], primary usage.

Other Comments

Developed from literary ‘Classical Malay’ of the Riau-Johor sultanate (Sneddon 2003). Has regional variants. Muslim.