22,800,000 in Indonesia (2000), increasing. Population total all countries: 23,200,480.
Widespread throughout Indonesia. Also in Netherlands, Philippines, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Sint Maarten, United States.
1 (National). Statutory national language (1945, Constitution, Article 36).
Lexical similarity: over 80% with Standard Malay [zsm].
Over 140,000,000 L2 speakers.
Developed from literary ‘Classical Malay’ of the Riau-Johor sultanate (Sneddon 2003). Has regional variants. Muslim.