306,000 in Russian Federation (2010 census). Population total all countries: 322,900.
North Caucasus, Ingushetia Republic. Also in Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan.
4 (Educational). Statutory language of provincial identity in Ingushetia (1993, Constitution, Article 68(2)).
Somewhat intelligible with Chechen [che], more so with contact.
Most also use Russian [rus].
Ethnic autonym: Ghalghay. 1944–1957 deported to Kazakhstan and Siberia, losing 25% to 50% of the population. Lost much land, economic resources, and civil rights. Removed from Vladikavkaz in late 1992, but many returned. Muslim (Hanafi Sunni).