Iowa-Oto

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A language of United States

Population

No known L1 speakers. Last fluent speakers of Iowa and Oto died in 1996 (1997 J. GoodTracks). Ethnic population: 1,150 (Golla 2007). L2 users: 20 L2 learners, none fluent.

Location

Central Oklahoma.

Language Status

9 (Dormant).

Dialects

Iowa (Baxoje, Ioway), Niutaji (Missouri, Missouria, Nyut’chi), Oto (Chiwere, Jiwele, Jiwere, Otoe).

Language Use

In 1999, only 4 passive speakers remain, none fluent (Golla 2007).

Other Comments

Iowa and Oto formerly 1 language, with some family variations cross-cutting tribal affiliations. Missouri dialect extinct for many years. Language preservation activities taking place in Oklahoma.