Ishkashimi

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A language of Afghanistan

Alternate Names
Eshkashimi, Ishkashim, Ishkashmi
Population

2,500 in Afghanistan (2009 S. Beck), decreasing. Population total all countries: 3,000. 0 monolinguals.

Location

North of the town of Ishkashim, Xermani, Bahar Bazar, Zargaran, Darwan, Zayad, Qaz Deh villages.

Language Status

6b (Threatened).

Dialects

None known. Ishkashimi intelligible to Sanglechi [sgy] speakers, but Sanglechi not intelligible to Ishkashimi speakers. Lexical similarity: 70% with Sanglechi [sgy].

Language Use

Some parents used Dari [prs] with their children to provide them with better chances in school. Only now do the people realize that this might cause the language to become endangered. About half the households use Ishkashimi with the younger generation. Home, village. Older and middle generations; some younger people only speak Dari [prs]. Positive attitudes. 100% also use Dari [prs].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L2: 15%–25%. Most children now become literate in Dari [prs] because they attend school.
Writing

Unwritten [Qaax].

Other Comments

Most Sanglechi [sgy] have a positive attitude toward Ishkashimi and consider it closely related, whereas the Ishkashimi do not have a good attitude toward Sanglechi. Muslim (Ismaili).

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