A language of Indonesia

Alternate Names
Djawa, Jawa

84,300,000 in Indonesia (2000 census). 25,000 in south Sulawesi, and 69,000,000 on Java, 500,000 of them being in Banten region and 2,500,000 in Cirebon region of Java. Population total all countries: 84,308,740.


Jawa Tengah Province, east third of west Java island, southwest half of east Java, including Banyumas, Cilacap, and Purbalingga regencies; widespread throughout Indonesia; resettlements in Papua, Sulawesi, Maluku, Kalimantan, and Sumatra.

Language Status

4 (Educational). De facto language of provincial identity in central and eastern Java.


Banten, Banyumas, Cirebon (Cheribon, Tjirebon), Indramayu, Malang-Pasuruan, Manuk, Pasisir, Surabaya, Surakarta (Sawlaw, Solo), Tegal, Tembung. High Javanese (Jawa Halus) is the language of religion, but users diminishing and mostly limited to Central Javanese speakers. Javanese varieties in Suriname and in New Caledonia now only partially intelligible with difficulty. Javanese in New Caledonia reportedly cannot use High Javanese (Koentjaraninggrat 1971). Several dialects in Sabah.



Language Use

Also use Musi [mui] in South Sumatra. Used as L2 by Madura [mad], Tengger [tes].

Language Development
Fully developed. Bible: 1854–1994.

Javanese script [Java], no longer in use. Latin script [Latn].

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