Adamawa State, Numan and Lamurde LGAs; Gombe State, Bambam Kaltungo LGA; Taraba State, Lau, Gassol, Ardo-Kola, Ibi, and Karim Lamido LGAs; Jen town, east of Karim-Lamido town, south of Bambuka town, by Benue river.
Jaule (Joole), Kaigama, Laredo (Ardido).
Some young people, older adults. Used as L2 by Shoo-Minda-Nye [bcv].
Latin script [Latn], in development.
Muslim, Christian, traditional religion.