1,000 (1994). Most monolingual. Ethnic population: All Jinuo: 20,900 (Bradley 2007).
South Yunnan Province, Xishuangbanna Dai autonomous prefecture, near Laos and Myanmar borders, east of Jinghong. Youle mountains. 40 villages.
Buyuan and Youle dialects not inherently intelligible. Chinese used for communication.
SOV; initial consonant clusters (stop or nasal plus, r); no syllable-final consonants; mostly monosyllabic words; tonal, 6 tones
Officially classified within Jinuo nationality. Traditional religion.