Jumli

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A language of Nepal

Alternate Names
Central Nepali, Jumla, Jumleli, Khas Kura, Sijali, Singja, Sinjali
Population

850 (2011 census).

Location

Karnali Zone, Jumla, Humla, Kalikot, Mugu districts; Seti Zone, Bajura district, east Bajhang, Achham districts. Small area in Bheri Zone.

Language Status

6a (Vigorous).

Dialects

Asi, Chaudhabis, Paanchsai, Sinja. 73%–89% intelligible with standard Nepali [npi]. Not sufficient to understand complex and abstract discourse. Lexical similarity: 73%–80% with standard Nepali [npi] (Bandhu 1971).

Typology

SOV; postpositions; noun head final; 2 genders; content q-word in situ; 1 prefix, up to 5 suffixes; clause constituents indicated by case-marking; verbal affixation marks person and number; ergativity; aspect; passives and voice; nontonal; 31 consonant and 6 vowel phonemes.

Language Use

Home, friends, religion, work. All ages. Mixed attitudes. Some embarrassed by their own speech when speaking to Standard Nepali [npi] speakers. Also use Hindi [hin], Nepali [npi].

Language Development
Poetry. Magazines. Newspapers. Radio programs. Dictionary. Grammar.
Writing

Devanagari script [Deva].

Other Comments

Traditional religion, Buddhist (Lamaist), Christian, Hindu.