23,700 (2001 census). 0 monolinguals.
Odisha, south Keonjhar, north Angul, east Dhenkanal districts.
None known. Not closely related to other languages. Lexical similarity: 20%–22% with Kharia [khr].
Positive attitudes. Some Oriya [ory] also used with proficiency higher among men and the educated.
Oriya script [Orya].
A Scheduled Tribe. Traditional religion.