900,000 in Myanmar (Johnstone and Mandryk 2001). Very few monolinguals. Population total all countries: 940,000.
Kachin State; northwest Shan State. Also in China.
3 (Wider communication).
Dulong, Dzili (Jili), Hkaku (Hka-Hku), Kauri (Gauri, Hkauri). Dzili may be a separate language. Hkaku and Kauri are only slightly different. Lexical similarity: 50% with Singhpo [sgp] of India.
SOV; adjectives and numbers follow nouns; singular, dual, plural pronouns; tense-lax vowel distinction; 4 tones
Kachin refers to a cultural, not linguistic, group. Glossonym: Aphu or Phu by Rawang [raw] people. Christian.