Kannada

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A language of India

Alternate Names
Banglori, Canarese, Kanarese, Madrassi
Population

37,700,000 in India (2001 census). Population total all countries: 37,739,040. L2 users: 9,000,000 in India.

Location

Karnataka; Andhra Pradesh; Tamil Nadu; Maharashtra.

Language Maps
Language Status

2 (Provincial). Statutory provincial language in Karnataka (1950, Constitution, Schedule VIII).

Dialects

Aine Kuruba, Bellary, Bijapur, Gulbarga, Jeinu Kuruba, Kumta, Nanjangud. About 20 dialects; Badaga [bfq] may be one.

Typology

SOV.

Language Use

Used as L2 by Alu Kurumba [xua], Holiya [hoy], Irula [iru], Jennu Kurumba [xuj], Kannada Kurumba [kfi], Kodava [kfa], Kota [kfe], Kudiya [kfg], Lambadi [lmn], Mudu Koraga [vmd], Paniya [pcg], Ravula [yea], Tamil [tam], Tulu [tcy], Vaagri Booli [vaa].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: 60%. Literacy rate in L2: 60%. Fully developed. Bible: 1831–2000.
Writing

Braille script [Brai]. Kannada script [Knda], primary usage.

Other Comments

Hindu, Muslim.