Georgian

Print

A language of Georgia

Alternate Names
Common Kartvelian, Gruzinski, Kartuli
Population

3,900,000 in Georgia (1993 UBS). Population total all countries: 4,237,710. Ethnic population: 3,980,000 (1993 UBS).

Language Maps
Language Status

1 (National). Statutory national language (1995, Constitution, Article 8).

Dialects

Adzhar (Acharian), Ferejdan, Gurian, Imeretian, Imerxev Kartlian, Ingilo, Kaxetian (Kakhetian), Meskhur-Javakhuri, Moxev (Mokhev), Mtiul, Pshav, Racha-Lexchxum (Lechkhum), Tush, Xevsur (Kheysur). Imerxev is in Turkey, Ferejdan may no longer be spoken in Iran.

Typology

SVO.

Language Use

Meskhi are ethnically Georgian, speak Georgian, are Eastern Orthodox, and live in southwest Georgia.

Language Development
Fully developed. Bible: 1743–2002.
Writing

Braille script [Brai]. Georgian (Mkhedruli) script [Geor], primary usage. Khutsuri (Asomtavruli and Nuskhuri) script [Geok], no longer in use.

Other Comments

Adzhai Muslims are in Armenia. South Caucasian also called Kartvelian; Gruzinski is the Russian name. Christian, Muslim (Shi’a), Muslim (Sunni).

Also spoken in:

Expand All Collapse All