5,290,000 in Kazakhstan (1979 census). Population total all countries: 8,077,770.
Also in China, Germany, Iran, Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia, Russian Federation, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, United States, Uzbekistan.
1 (National). Statutory national language (1995, Constitution, Article 7(1)).
Northeastern Kazakh, Southern Kazakh, Western Kazakh. Minor dialect differences.
Seminomadic. Eastern Kirghiz and Western Kirghiz erroneously applied to Kazakh. Muslim (Sunni).