174,000 (2002 census), increasing.
Lake Kwania area, Kaberamaido, Amuria, and Soroti districts; small areas in Kamuli, Amolatar, Lira, and Dokolo districts.
Latin script [Latn].
Ladefoged, Glick and Criper (1972) and Bender (1988 M. Bender) classify Kumam as Southern Luo; some linguists classify it in the Dinka group. Kumam oral tradition gives a Teso descent. Christian.