Kinnauri

Print

A language of India

Alternate Names
Kanauri, Kanaury Anuskad, Kanawari, Kanawi, Kanoreunu Skad, Kanorin Skad, Kanorug Skadd, Kinnaura Yanuskad, Kinner, Kinori, Koonawure, Kunawari, Kunawur, Lower Kinnauri, Malhesti, Milchan, Milchanang, Milchang, Tibas Skad
Population

65,100 (2001 census). L2 users: 15,000. In Kinnaur District.

Location

Himachal Pradesh, Kinnaur, Lahul-Spiti districts, Chauhra to Sangla and north along Satluj river to Morang, upper Ropa river valley villages; Shimla and Rampur area; Uttar Pradesh; Punjab; Kashmir.

Language Maps
Language Status

3 (Wider communication).

Dialects

Dialect at Nichar has 79% inherent intelligibility of Sangla. Other varieties have functional intelligibility of each other. Related languages: Kanashi [xns], Chitkuli Kinnauri [cik], and Jangshung Tukpa [jna]. Lexical similarity: 76%–90% among varieties.

Language Use

Vigorous. Low proficiency in Hindi [hin]. Used as L2 by Chitkuli Kinnauri [cik].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L2: 37%: men 52%, women 22%. Dictionary. Grammar. Bible portions: 1909–1917.
Writing

Devanagari script [Deva]. Takri (Tankri, Takari) script [Takr], no longer in use.

Other Comments

A Scheduled Tribe. Hindu, Buddhist (Lamaist), traditional religion.