Kham, Gamale

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A language of Nepal

Alternate Names
Gamale
Population

13,100 (2000), increasing. 27,100 all Kham languages in Nepal (2011 census).

Location

Rapti Zone, Rolpa district, Dhawalagiri Zone, Baglung district. Gam Khola, western hills, Gam, Jhyalgung, Chalbang, Tamali, Dangadhara, Sheram, Ghusbang, Huiching, Guwakholagau, Maulabang, and Kuipadhara villages.

Language Status

6a (Vigorous).

Dialects

Ghusbanggi, Tamali. Only 30% intelligibility with Western Parbate [kjl] due to radical differences in verbal morphology. Lexical similarity: 71% with Western Parbate (most similar) [kjl], 55% with Eastern Parbate [kif] and Sheshi [kip], 45% with Bhujel [kif].

Typology

SOV; postpositions; clause constituents indicated by case-marking; verbal affixation marks person and gender; passives and voice; tonal.

Language Use

Vigorous in the villages. Home, friends, work; mixed use: Religion. All ages. Positive attitudes. Younger generation uses some Nepali [npi].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L2: 5%–15%.
Writing

Devanagari script [Deva].

Other Comments

Traditional religion, Christian.