Kaiwá

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A language of Brazil

Alternate Names
Caingua, Caiua, Caiwa, Cayua, Kaiova, Kaiowá, Kayova
Population

18,000 (2003 ISA).

Location

Mato Grosso do Sul, from the Apa, Dourados, and Ivinhema rivers in the north to the Mbarakaju mountains and tributaries of Jejui river in the south.

Language Maps
Language Status

5 (Developing).

Dialects

Kaiwá, Tembekuá, Teüi. Some comprehension of Paraguayan Guaraní [gug]. Lexical similarity: 70% with Pai Tavytera [pta] of Paraguay.

Language Use

Vigorous. Young people shifting to Paraguayan Guarani [gug].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: 5%–10%. Literacy rate in L2: 15%–25%. NT: 1986.
Writing
Latin script.