Kyrgyz

Print

A language of Kyrgyzstan

Alternate Names
Kara-Kirgiz, Kirghiz, Kirgiz
Population

2,450,000 in Kyrgyzstan (1993 UBS). Population total all countries: 2,941,930.

Location

Widespread.

Language Status

1 (National). Statutory national language (2010, Constitution, Art 10(1)).

Dialects

Northern Kyrgyz, Southern Kyrgyz.

Typology

SOV.

Language Use

L1 for 98% of Kyrgyz. The Ichkilik are a Kyrgyz-speaking people of non-Kyrgyz origin. Also use Russian [rus].

Language Development
Schools in Kyrghyz. Newspapers. Radio programs. Films. TV. Bible: 1995–2004.
Writing

Arabic script [Arab], used in China. Cyrillic script [Cyrl], not used in Afghanistan. Latin script [Latn], used in Turkey.

Other Comments

The names Eastern Kyrghyz and Western Kyrghyz have been erroneously applied to Kazakh. Increasing education. Muslim (Sunni), Buddhist (Lamaist).

Also spoken in:

Expand All Collapse All