42,600 in Russian Federation (2010 census). 1,500 monolinguals (2002 census). Spoken by about 10% of the population of Khakasia (Salminen 2007). Population total all countries: 42,610. Ethnic population: 75,600 in the Russian Federation (2002 census).
Khakassia Republic, north of Altai mountains; Krasnoyarsk District, north; Tuva Republic; scattered throughout Russia. Also in China.
5 (Developing). Statutory language of provincial identity in Khakassia Republic (1993, Constitution, Article 68(2)).
Beltir, Kachin (Kaca, Khaas, Xaas), Kamass (Kamassian), Koibal (Xoibal), Kyzyl (Khyzyzl, Xyzyl), Sagai (Sagaj, Saghai), Shor. Kamass dialect is extinct (Salminen 2007).
Struggle to maintain culture and language. In some rural areas children learn it, but in cities Russian [rus] is typically the only language (Salminen 2007). Home, community. All ages. Positive attitudes. In urban areas marked interest in Khakas language revival. Rural speakers want their children to learn the national language for economic advancement. Also use Russian [rus] at work, school, public transport, government, and most written communication.
Fewer young people speak Khakas than previous generations, but more children study it in school than 20 years ago. Traditional religion, Christian (Orthodox).