13,000 (Stevenson 1984).
South Kordofan State, Karko hills, 35 km west of Dilling, includes Dulman.
Karko, Kasha, Shifir. Varieties spoken by the Ilaki on Abu Junuk to the west (1,000) and by the Tamang at El Tabaq southwest of Katla (800) may be dialects or separate languages.
Most also use Sudanese Spoken Arabic [apd].
Ethnic autonym: Kaak. The Ama [nyi] call them Karme.