No known L1 speakers. The last speaker died in 2003 (Watanabe and Sasama 2007). Ethnic population: 170 (2000 census). L2 users: 6 (Golla 2007). 6 adult L2 speakers (Golla 2007).
Oregon, south central, areas east and north of Klamath and Agency lakes; Modoc directly south.
None known. Reportedly most similar to Molale [mbe].
Shifted to English [eng]. Revitalization efforts include lessons in Head Start program, classes in local primary school, weekly community meetings (Golla 2007).
Active language programs and materials development in Modoc.