No known L1 speakers. 6 adult L2 speakers (Golla 2007). Ethnic population: 170 (2000 census).
Oregon, south central, areas east and north of Klamath and Agency lakes; Modoc directly south.
Most similar to Molale [mbe].
Shifted to English [eng]. Revitalization efforts include lessons in Head Start program, classes in local primary school, weekly community meetings.
The last speaker died in 2003 (Watanabe and Sasama 2007). Active language programs and materials development in Modoc.