83,000 (2000 census). 40,000 monolinguals. Ethnic population: 100,000.
South Mindanao, mainly Davao del Sur Province, west shore, Davao Gulf, from Digos south to Bugis and inland; also in Sultan Kudarat (Colombia municipality) and South Cotabato (Tampakan) provinces.
None known. About 85% intelligibility with Mansaka [msk].
VOS, VSO; prepositions; genitives before noun heads; articles before adjectives, before and after numerals, before noun heads; relatives after noun heads; question word in sentence-initial position; 3 maximum prefixes, 2 maximum suffixes; word order distinguishes subjects, objects and indirect objects when case does not, word order distinguishes given and new information, topic and comment; affixes do not indicate case of noun phrases; verb affixes mark number; ergativity; passives; causatives; comparatives; CV, CVC, CVV; nontonal.
Latin script [Latn].
Christian, traditional religion.